Category Archives: Экономика

Прикладное прогнозирование экономики рационально-сбалансированного природопользования

Прикладное прогнозирование экономики рационально-сбалансированного природопользования

Автор: Г. Г. Шалмина

В книге обобщены результаты прикладных исследований и практического опыта нескольких десятилетий в области экономики природопользования. Предложены возможные направления совершенствования существующей теоретико-методологической базы по разработке обоснований принятия государственных решений. Представлен для обсуждения авторский вариант методики по разработке основ прикладного системного прогнозирования экономики рационально-сбалансированного освоения природной среды, как составляющей территориального потенциала. Для специалистов, занятых в области решения социально-экономических проблем России в планировании и прогнозировании развития экономики, будет полезна аспирантам и студентам соответствующих специальностей.

International Economics and International Economics Policy: A Reader

International Economics and International Economics Policy: A Reader

Автор: Philip G King, Philip King

A collection of articles on international economics by leading economists drawn from various scholarly sources (e.g., the Journal of Economic Perspectives, The Brookings Institution, Finance & Development, Federal Reserve Publications, Foreign Affairs).Written by the top economists in the field, all the articles are written at a level appropriate for undergraduates or masters students.

A Study on Job Stress at New India Assurance Company Limited

A Study on Job Stress at New India Assurance Company Limited

Автор: Aysha Begum. A.J and Shahnaz Sultana

In the modern times, stress has become a buzz word and legitimate concern for sample of members of all walks of life. In fact, no one is immune to stress. Stress has been much and widely talked about phenomenon in corporate world because it is a costly business expense that affects both employee health and corporate profits. The term ‘work related stress’ has been taken has the problem of study because corporate India is finally walking up to the fact that a lot of human potential is being drained away because of stress and burnout. In this lies the need for and importance of preventing and managing stress. The efficiency of employees depends, to a great extent, on the environment in which they work. Work environment consists of all the factors which act and react on the body and mind of an employee. Under industrial psychology the Physical, mental and social conditions in which sample of members work are analyzed to suggest improvement in them.The primary aim is to create a stress…

From the Euro to the Sucre

From the Euro to the Sucre

Автор: Omar Rachid

In the baroque tradition of South America, the bicentennials of independence movements throughout the continent have called upon celebrations for the disassociation of these modern republics from the ancient Spanish empire. The question that remains is, after two hundred years of official independence, have these republics relinquished the colonial mindset of supplying the great powers of the world? It is not in this author’s interest to answer this question, but rather to study the direction that these states are taking in terms of continental independence. This continent certainly did not lack leaders and visionaries in the early 19th century, because they, too, envisaged a unified South American continent. Unification was most successful in the cultural sphere since the missionaries and educators were the most successful in achieving a quasi-monolingual and mono-religious domination of the native peoples. Lacking allegiance to a single entity, the politicians and generals…

«Не рублем единым». Трудовые стимулы рабочих-текстильщиков дореволюционной России

«Не рублем единым». Трудовые стимулы рабочих-текстильщиков дореволюционной России

Автор: Л. Бородкин, Т. Валетов, Ю. Смирнова, И. Шильникова

Книга посвящена исследованию механизмов стимулирования труда рабочих-текстильщиков дореволюционной России на основе сочетания принципов микро-и макроисследования. В качестве объектов микроанализа в данной работе выступают отдельные крупные текстильные предприятия. На базе комплексов архивной документации из фондов рассматриваемых предприятий изучаются реальные трудовые практики, отражающие механизмы создания мотивации труда текстильщиков, а также социальные отношения не только на производстве, но и в повседневной жизни, в фабричной социальной сфере. Изучение процессов на микроуровне (в жанре case study) проводится с учетом характера процессов, проходивших в российской промышленности (особенно в отраслях текстильного производства — крупнейшего в стране по количеству занятых рабочих) конца XIX — начала XX вв. в ходе ускоренной индустриализации и изменений соответствующих институциональных факторов. Авторы сочетают приемы микроистории с методами статистического анализа. Книга…

Economic Reality of Mexico

Economic Reality of Mexico

Автор: Vesna Zupan

Having in mind ancient civilizations it may be said that Mexico is a Meso-American country. As far as physical geography is concerned this is a North-American country. However at the same time it is the country of Latin America having in mind human geography. Geopolitically Mexico is also a North-American country. Mexico contributes very much to world economic integrations but having in mind its own problems, geographical position and the fact that its borders are non-ethnical. This country is a signatory to NAFTA (North-American Free Trade Agreement) as well as the U.S.A. and Canada. Except this, Mexico is the member of World Trade Organization (WTO), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), it takes part in Asian-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), and it is also the member of The Caribbean Community (CARICOM). Mexico is also the member of G-20, G-15 and G8+5.

The Effectiveness of Tax Incentives

The Effectiveness of Tax Incentives

Автор: Carlos Liard-Muriente

The contribution of this work is the empirical understanding of the effectiveness of Puerto Rico’s investment incentive program, after the local government divided the island into three zones: High, Intermediate, and Low Industrials zone. Traditionally, Conditional Logit (CL) has been the methodology used for firm location analysis. However, CL confronts several limitations, and for that reason, the book follows a Poisson Regression analysis. This methodology will give the same results as the CL model and, in certain cases related to location decisions, is a better approach since it handles more properly the limitations inherent in the CL methodology.The analysis shows that firms tend to locate in a statistically significant fashion at the intermediate industrial zone. Furthermore, based on a Shift-Share analysis, job expansion at both the intermediate and low zones is significantly higher than what would have occurred if these zones would have grown at the same…

The Unexpected Global Financial Crisis

The Unexpected Global Financial Crisis

Автор: Justin Yifu Lin and Volker Treichel

The world is currently still struggling with the aftermath of the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression. Following a description of the eruption, evolution and consequences of the global crisis, this paper reviews alternative hypotheses for the causes of the global financial crisis as well as their empirical evidence. The paper refutes the frequently voiced view that the global crisis was caused by global imbalances that reflected economic policies of East Asian countries. Instead, it argues that global imbalances were the result of excess demand in the United States, resulting from both the public debt in the United States arising from the Afghanistan and Iraqi wars and tax cuts and the overconsumption by households supported by the wealth effect from the housing bubble in the United States. The housing bubble itself was the outcome of the Federal Reserve’s low interest rate policy in the aftermath of the burst of the “dot-com” bubble in 2001, the lack of appropriate…

Стимулы и политэкономия

Стимулы и политэкономия

Автор: Жан-Жак Лаффон

Книга основана на курсе лекций одного из великих экономистов современности, яркого представителя французской экономической школы Ж.-Ж.Лаффона. Это первая публикация на русском языке по так называемой новой политической экономии. Настоящая работа отличается последовательным и активным использованием методов и результатов информационной экономической теории (теории контрактов, точнее, теории оптимальных механизмов) для анализа традиционных вопросов политологии, в частности, таких как конституционный дизайн. Первая и вторая части книги основаны на представлении о конституции как о соответственно полном и неполном контракте. Третья часть посвящена моделированию сговора при асимметричной информации. В книге обсуждается ряд крайне актуальных вопросов (поведение политических деятелей, достоинства и недостатки законов, коррупция, проблемы защиты окружающей среды, выборность должностных лиц и др.), которые могут привлечь внимание не только экономистов и политологов, но и более широкого круга…

The Crisis of Vision in Modern Economic Thought

The Crisis of Vision in Modern Economic Thought

Автор: Robert L. Heilbroner, William S. Milberg

A deep and widespread crisis affects modern economic theory, a crisis that derives from the absence of a «vision»—a set of widely shared political and social preconceptions—on which all economics ultimately depends. This absence, in turn, reflects thecollapse of the Keynesian view that provided such a foundation from 1940 through the early 1970s, comparable to earlier visions provided by Smith, Ricardo, Mill, and Marshall. The «unraveling» of Keynesianism has been followed by a division into discordant and ineffective camps whose common denominator seems to be their shared analytical refinement and lack of practical applicability. This provocative analysis attempts both to describe this state of affairs, and to suggest the direction in which economic thinking must move if it is to regain the relevance and remedial power it now pointedly lacks.